Breast reconstruction is a surgical procedure that restores shape to your breast after mastectomy, surgery that removes your breast to treat or prevent breast cancer.
Breast reconstruction has 3 objectives :
•Reconstitution of breast volume
•Contralateral breast symmetrization
•Reconstruction of the nipple-areolar complex
Plastic surgery techniques can meet these 3 objectives and provide good results.
Two to three interventions are needed to achieve optimal results, the most important being the reconstitution of breast volume. It can be performed by breast prosthesis or flap.
Breast reconstruction with flap surgery is a type of breast reconstruction that involves taking a section of tissue from one area of your body and relocating it to your chest to create a new breast mound. The latissimus dorsal flap is generally used.
It is important to bear in mind that the reconstructed breast will never be identical to the amputated breast. It will be as similar as possible, and as symmetrical as possible with the healthy breast.
Following the breast reconstruction, the patient often needs time for psychological recovery in the presence of the new breast. For a successful breast reconstruction, it is necessary to integrate this breast within the patient’s body scheme.